PICC Line Care

PICC stands for peripherally inserted central catheter. This is a short-term (temporary) tube that is used instead of a regular IV (intravenous) line. 

Reasons for using a PICC line

A PICC line may be used because:

  • It reduces the discomfort of putting in a new IV every time one is needed.

  • Medicine or nutrition needs to be given over a period of weeks or even months.

  • A PICC can stay in place longer than an IV, so it reduces needle sticks.

  • It reduces damage to small veins, where an IV is normally inserted.

  • A PICC may have more than one channel, so different fluids or medicines can be given at the same time.

  • A PICC line allows for home therapy.

Your PICC will need some care to keep it clean and working. This care includes:

  • Changing the bandage (dressing)

  • Flushing the catheter with fluids

  • Changing the cap on the end of the catheter

A nurse or other healthcare provider will teach you how to do each of these things.

Home care

The following are general care guidelines that will help you care for your PICC line at home:

  • You can use your arm. But avoid any activity that causes mild pain.

  • Don't pick at it or pull on the tubing.

  • Don’t lift anything heavier than 10 pounds with the arm on the side of the PICC line.

  • When you bathe or shower, tape plastic wrap over the site to keep it dry.

  • Don't put the PICC site under water. No swimming or hot tubs. If the dressing gets wet, change it right away.

  • Always wash your hands with soap and clean, running water before and after touching any part of your PICC.

  • Don't allow the tubing to hang freely. Make sure to keep the tubing covered and secured to your arm to prevent the PICC line from being pulled out by accident.

The following tips will help you with dressing changes:

  • Change the dressing over the site as directed. This is usually once a week. Change it sooner if the dressing gets wet or soiled. Check the dressing daily.

  • You or a family member may be able to do the dressing change at home. Or you may be instructed to return to the office or clinic for dressing changes.

  • Sterile technique must be used for PICC dressing change. If your dressing is changed at home, be sure you or your family member knows sterile dressing technique. Call your healthcare provider for instructions if you need them.

Follow-up care

Follow up as advised by your healthcare provider..

When to seek medical advice

Call your healthcare provider right away if any of these occur:

  • Fever of 100.4°F (38°C) or higher

  • Drainage from the PICC site

  • Swelling or bulging around the PICC site

  • Bleeding from the PICC site

  • Skin pulls away from the PICC site

  • Redness, warmth, or pus at the PICC site

  • Tubing breaks, splits, or leaks

  • More exposed tubing (tubing seems longer) or the tubing is pulled out completely

  • Medicine or fluids don't drain from the bag into your PICC

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