Rib Contusion or Minor Fracture
A rib contusion is a bruise to one or more rib bones. It may cause pain, tenderness, swelling, and a purplish color to the skin. There may be a sharp pain with each breath. A rib contusion takes anywhere from a few days to a few weeks to heal. A minor rib fracture or break may cause the same symptoms as a rib contusion. The small crack may not be seen on a regular chest X-ray. Treatment for both problems is basically the same.
You may use over-the-counter pain medicine to control pain, unless another pain medicine was prescribed. If you have chronic liver or kidney disease or ever had a stomach ulcer or GI (gastrointestinal) bleeding, talk with your healthcare provider before using these medicines.
Rest. Don't lift anything heavy or do any activity that causes pain.
Apply an ice pack over the injured area for 15 to 20 minutes every 1 to 2 hours. You should do this for the first 24 to 48 hours. To make an ice pack, put ice cubes in a plastic bag that seals at the top. Wrap the bag in a clean, thin towel or cloth. Never put ice or an ice pack directly on the skin. Continue with ice packs as needed for the relief of pain and swelling.
The first 3 to 4 weeks of healing will be the most painful. If your pain is not under control with the treatment given, call your healthcare provider. Sometimes a stronger pain medicine may be needed. A nerve block can be done in case of severe pain. It will numb the nerve between the ribs.
Follow up with your healthcare provider, or as advised.
If X-rays were taken, you will be told of any new findings that may affect your care.
Call 911 if you have:
When to seek medical advice
Call your healthcare provider right away if any of these occur:
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