Pelvic Pain, Uncertain Cause

Cross section of female reproductive system showing uterus, cervix, vagina, ovaries, and fallopian tubes.

Pelvic pain is pain felt in the lowest part of the belly (abdomen) and between the hipbones. The pain may occur suddenly and recently (acute). Or the pain may last for 6 months or longer (chronic).

There are many possible causes of pelvic pain. The pain may be due to a problem in the female reproductive system. Or it may be due to a problem in the digestive, urinary, or musculoskeletal systems.

Based on your visit today, the exact cause of your pelvic pain is not certain. Your condition doesn't seem to be serious at this time. But it is important for you to keep watching for any new symptoms or worsening of your condition.

General care

Your healthcare provider may advise a number of ways to help manage your pain. These can include:

  • Taking over-the-counter pain medicine. Stronger pain medicine may also be prescribed, if needed.

  • Applying heat to the pelvic area. Use a heating pad or a hot pack. Taking a hot bath may also help.

  • Getting plenty of rest.

  • Making certain lifestyle changes. These can include practicing good posture and getting regular exercise. Studies have shown that these changes help reduce pelvic pain in some women.

  • Seeing a physical therapist or pain specialist. These healthcare providers can discuss other ways to manage pain with you.

  • Acupressure or acupuncture.

Follow-up care

Follow up with your healthcare provider, or as advised. 

When to get medical advice

Call your healthcare provider right away if any of the following occur:

  • Fever of 100.4°F or higher, or as directed by your healthcare provider

  • Pain gets worse or you have sudden, severe pain or new pain

  • Nausea, vomiting, sweating, or restlessness

  • Dizziness or fainting

  • Abnormal vaginal discharge

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding (especially bleeding after menopause)

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