Completed Spontaneous Miscarriage 

Today's exams show your pregnancy has ended suddenly. This can be emotionally very difficult. There is little that can be done to change the way you feel. But understand that miscarriages are common.

About 1 or 2 out of every 10 pregnancies end this way. Some end even before you know you are pregnant. This happens for a number of reasons, and usually the cause is never known. It’s important you know that it is not your fault. It didn’t happen because you did anything wrong.

Having sex or exercising does not cause a miscarriage. These activities are usually safe unless you have pain or bleeding or your healthcare provider tells you to stop. Even minor falls won’t cause a miscarriage. Miscarriages happen because things were not developing as they were supposed to.

It appears that your miscarriage is complete. All tissue from the pregnancy should have passed out of your uterus. If some of the pregnancy tissue remains in the uterus, you will probably have more cramping and bleeding. The bleeding can be light spotting or like a period, but it's usually not heavy. You may also pass some tissue.

After you have recovered, you should still be able to get pregnant again. But before trying, talk with your healthcare provider.

Home care

Follow these tips to take of yourself at home:

  • You can go back to your normal activities if you don’t have heavy bleeding or pain.

  • You may have some cramping and bleeding, but it shouldn’t be severe.

Until the bleeding stops completely and to prevent infection:

  • Don’t have sex until your healthcare provider says it’s OK

  • Use sanitary napkins instead of tampons.

  • Don’t douche.

Having a miscarriage can be very difficult emotionally. It's natural to feel sadness or grief. It may help to talk about your feelings with family and friends, or with a counselor.

Follow-up care

Make an appointment to see your healthcare provider in 1 to 2 weeks for a checkup.

If cramping and bleeding return and continue for more than a few days, call your healthcare provider or return here for an exam. To prevent infection in the uterus, your provider might need to take out any tissue that remains. Or you may be given medicine to take at home to help your body expel the rest of the tissue.

If you had an ultrasound, a radiologist will review it. You will be told of any new findings that may affect your care.

Call 911

Call 911 if you have:

  • Severe pain and very heavy bleeding

  • Severe lightheadedness, passing out, or fainting

  • Rapid heart rate

  • Trouble breathing

  • Confusion or trouble waking up

When to seek medical advice

Call your healthcare provider right away if any of these occur:

  • Heavy bleeding. This means soaking 1 new pad an hour over 3 hours.

  • Bleeding that doesn’t stop after 10 days

  • Foul-smelling vaginal discharge

  • Fever of 100.4°F (38°C) or higher, or as directed by your healthcare provider

  • Pain in your lower belly (abdomen) that gets worse

  • Weakness or dizziness

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