Common Types of Fractures
Bones can break anywhere in the body. There are many types of bone breaks (fractures). The goal of treatment is to:
Put the pieces of bone back in place
Control the pain
Give the bone time to heal
Help you be able to use the broken bone area normally once it's healed
Treatment may include a splint or cast, medicine, traction, surgery, or external fixation.
How bones break
Fractures most often happen when more force is put on the bone than the bone can take. Bone fractures can be caused by a fall, injury, or direct hit or kick to the body. Overuse or repetitive movements can tire muscles and put more pressure on the bone. This causes stress fractures. Fractures can also be caused by diseases that weaken the bone. Depending on the injury, bones can break in different ways.
A fracture is a partial or complete break in the bone. When a fracture happens, it’s classified as either closed or open.
The bone does not break through the skin. Also known as a simple fracture.
The bone breaks through the skin. Also known as a compound fracture.
Other types of fractures
Fractures have a variety of names. Below are some common types of fractures. You may have a fracture that’s not listed here.
Bone fragments (pieces) are lined up.
Bone fragments are not lined up. A gap exists between the two ends of the broken bone.
The bone is broken into 3 or more pieces.
The same bone is broken in 2 places, so there is a "floating" piece of bone.
The bone bends, but it may not break all the way. This happens most often in children, whose bones are softer and still growing.
The bone is crushed. This causes the broken bone to be wider or flatter in appearance.
The bone is broken near a tendon or ligament. A tendon or ligament pulls off a small piece of bone.
The break spirals around the bone. This is common in a twisting injury.