Understanding Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

Anxiety can fill you with worry and fear. Sometimes anxiety is OK. It can alert you to a real threat. It can get you to respond and take action. But for some people, anxiety gets so bad it causes problems in daily life. If you feel in a constant state of anxiety, you may have generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Speak with your healthcare provider or a mental health care provider to learn more. They can help. 

Man talking with therapist

What is generalized anxiety disorder?

GAD means that you worry all the time and can’t control it. Healthcare providers diagnose GAD when a person worries on most days of the week for at least 6 months.

With GAD, you might worry about money, your family and friends, or work. You might worry about the world in general. You might not even be sure what you're anxious about. But you have an intense fear that the worst will happen. These feelings never really go away. In people age 65 and older, GAD is a common anxiety disorder. It often occurs with depression. This constant worry affects quality of life. It makes it hard to function. GAD can cause physical symptoms, too.

What are common symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder?

People with GAD often feel they have a physical illness. The disorder can cause symptoms such as:

  • Muscle tension, especially in the neck and shoulders

  • Nausea and stomach problems

  • Frequent headaches

  • Feeling lightheaded

  • Restlessness, trouble sleeping

  • Feeling irritable and on edge all the time

How can generalized anxiety disorder be treated?

GAD can be treated with medicine. It can be treated with talk therapy ( counseling). It may be treated with both. Medicine helps to reduce symptoms, so you can do your daily tasks. Therapy helps you understand the cause of your anxiety and learn how to manage it. Both forms of treatment help you deal with problems that anxiety causes in your life. This will help you feel better.

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