Treating Ankle Sprains
Treatment will depend on how bad your sprain is. For a severe sprain, healing may take 3 months or more.
Right after your injury: Use R.I.C.E.
Rest: At first, keep weight off the ankle as much as you can. You may be given crutches to help you walk without putting weight on the ankle.
Ice: Put an ice pack on the ankle for up to 20 minutes at a time. Don't put ice directly on your skin. To protect your skin and prevent skin damage, wrap the bag in a clean, thin towel or cloth. Remove the pack and reapply every 2 to 3 hours or as directed by your healthcare provider. Repeat for up to 3 days. This helps reduce swelling.
Compression: To reduce swelling and keep the joint stable, you may need to wrap the ankle with an elastic bandage. For more severe sprains, you may need an ankle brace, a boot, or a cast.
Elevation: To reduce swelling, keep your ankle raised above your heart when you sit or lie down.
Your healthcare provider may suggest oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen. This relieves the pain and helps reduce swelling. Be sure to take your medicine as directed.
After about 2 to 3 weeks, you may be given exercises to strengthen the ligaments and muscles in the ankle. Doing these exercises will help prevent another ankle sprain. Exercises may include standing on your toes and then on your heels and doing ankle curls.
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