Pelvic Organ Prolapse: Surgery for Uterine Prolapse
Risks of surgery
Risks of anesthesia
Damage to nerves, muscles, or nearby pelvic structures
Prolapse of the pelvic organ or organs occurring again
The surgical procedure
To fix the prolapse, the uterus is often removed. This is called hysterectomy. Then, the vagina is lifted and supported so it stays in place. This type of surgery can be done through the vagina or abdomen. Stitches are used to attach the vagina to strong tissue in the pelvis. Sometimes a synthetic material or biologic material is used to reinforce the repair. This supports the top part of the vagina. Other procedures may be done to keep the vagina from slipping again. If the uterus is not removed, then the uterus is lifted and supported so it stays in place.
During surgery, the doctor reaches your pelvic organs through the vagina or the abdomen. If the pelvic organs are reached through the vagina, an incision is made in the wall of the vagina. If the pelvic organs are reached through the abdomen, several small incisions are made in the abdomen to insert tiny laparoscopic tools. Or one larger incision is made in the abdomen. The belly incision can be up and down (vertical) or across (transverse).
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