Blood in Urine (Hematuria)
Blood in your urine is called hematuria. Most of the time, the cause is not serious. But you should never ignore blood in the urine. Your healthcare provider can evaluate you to find the cause of the bleeding and treat it, if needed.
Types of hematuria
Gross hematuria. This means that the blood can easily be seen when you look at it. The urine may look pinkish, brownish, or bright red.
Microscopic hematuria. This means that the urine is clear, but blood cells can be seen when urine is looked at under a microscope or tested in a lab.
Both types of hematuria can have the same causes. Neither is more serious than the other. With either type, you may not have any other symptoms at all. Or you may have symptoms such as:
No matter how much blood is in your urine, the cause of the bleeding needs to be found.
What causes hematuria?
Causes of hematuria vary. They include things such as:
Other reasons for blood in urine are more serious. They include:
Many treatments are available for blood in the urine, depending on the cause.
Your healthcare provider will first confirm that blood is in your urine. They will also ask about your health history and give you a physical exam. Then you may have tests to find out where the blood is coming from and why. Your provider will decide which tests will best find the cause of your hematuria. These are some common tests that may be done: